Submitted by: Yogi Yadav

GVT is one of the best IT Institutes, registered ISO 9001:2008 (QMS) certified, with assurance of 100% placement. GVT Institute is not just another institute. Its a humble birth of a significant education system and institution where every action and thought is student oriented, personal attention to every student is ensured, and LEAD is the Philosophy we follow.

Web Design is the process of planning and creating a website. We specialize in the web world field as we deliver the best by way of web designing and other concerned services. . Expert staff will be there for you at every step, helping you choose the right course and ensuring you get the support you need to do well.

Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites. The different areas of web design include web graphic design; interface design; authoring, including standardised code and proprietary software; user experience design; and search engine optimization. Often many individuals will work in teams covering different aspects of the design process, although some designers will cover them all.[1] The term web design is normally used to describe the design process relating to the front-end (client side) design of a website including writing mark up. Web design partially overlaps web engineering in the broader scope of web development. Web designers are expected to have an awareness of usability and if their role involves creating mark up then they are also expected to be up to date with web accessibility guidelines.


1 History

1.1 19882001

1.1.1 The start of the web and web design

1.1.2 Evolution of web design

1.1.3 End of the first browser wars

1.2 20012012

1.2.1 Modern browsers

1.2.2 New standards

2 Tools and technologies

3 Skills and techniques

3.1 Marketing and communication design

3.2 User experience design and interactive design

3.3 Page layout

3.4 Typography


3.5 Motion graphics

3.6 Quality of code

4 Homepage design

5 Occupations

6 See also

6.1 See also

6.2 Related disciplines

7 Notes

8 References and further reading

9 External links


Web design books in a store


Although web design has a fairly recent history, it can be linked to other areas such as graphic design. However web design can also be seen from a technological standpoint. It has become a large part of peoples everyday lives. It is hard to imagine the Internet without animated graphics, different styles of typography, background and music.

The start of the web and web design

In 1989, whilst working at CERN Tim Berners-Lee proposed to create a global hypertext project, which later became known as the World Wide Web. During 1991 to 1993 the World Wide Web was born. Text-only pages could be viewed using a simple line-mode browser.[2] In 1993 Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, created the Mosaic browser. At the time there were multiple browsers, however the majority of them were Unix-based and naturally text heavy. There had been no integrated approach to graphic design elements such as images or sounds. The Mosaic browser broke this mould.[3] The W3C was created in October 1994 to “lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing common protocols that promote its evolution and ensure its interoperability.”[4] This discouraged any one company from monopolizing a propriety browser and programming language, which could have altered the effect of the World Wide Web as a whole. The W3C continues to set standards, which can today be seen with JavaScript. In 1994 Andreessen formed Communications Corp. that later became known as Netscape Communications, the Netscape 0.9 browser. Netscape created its own HTML tags without regard to the traditional standards process. For example, Netscape 1.1 included tags for changing background colours and formatting text with tables on web pages. Throughout 1996 to 1999 the browser wars began, as Microsoft and Netscape fought for ultimate browser dominance. During this time there were many new technologies in the field, notably Cascading Style Sheets, JavaScript, and Dynamic HTML. On the whole, the browser competition did lead to many positive creations and helped web design evolve at a rapid pace.[5]

Evolution of web design

In 1996, Microsoft released its first competitive browser, which was complete with its own features and tags. It was also the first browser to support style sheets, which at the time was seen as an obscure authoring technique.[5] The HTML markup for tables was originally intended for displaying tabular data. However designers quickly realized the potential of using HTML tables for creating the complex, multi-column layouts that were otherwise not possible. At this time, as design and good aesthetics seemed to take precedence over good mark-up structure, and little attention was paid to semantics and web accessibility. HTML sites were limited in their design options, even more so with earlier versions of HTML. To create complex designs, many web designers had to use complicated table structures or even use blank spacer .GIF images to stop empty table cells from collapsing.[6] CSS was introduced in December 1996 by the W3C to support presentation and layout. This allowed HTML code to be semantic rather than both semantic and presentational, and improved web accessibility, see tableless web design.

In 1996, Flash (originally known as FutureSplash) was developed. At the time, the Flash content development tool was relatively simple compared to now, using basic layout and drawing tools, a limited precursor to ActionScript, and a timeline, but it enabled web designers to go beyond the point of HTML, animated GIFs and JavaScript. However, because Flash required a plug-in, many web developers avoided using it for fear of limiting their market share due to lack of compatibility. Instead, designers reverted to gif animations (if they didn’t forego using motion graphics altogether) and JavaScript for widgets. But the benefits of Flash made it popular enough among specific target markets to eventually work its way to the vast majority of browsers, and powerful enough to be used to develop entire sites.[6]

End of the first browser wars

During 1998 Netscape released Netscape Communicator code under an open source licence, enabling thousands of developers to participate in improving the software. However, they decided to start from the beginning, which guided the development of the open source browser and soon expanded to a complete application platform.[5] The Web Standards Project was formed and promoted browser compliance with HTML and CSS standards by creating Acid1, Acid2, and Acid3 tests. 2000 was a big year for Microsoft. Internet Explorer was released for Mac; this was significant as it was the first browser that fully supported HTML 4.01 and CSS 1, raising the bar in terms of standards compliance. It was also the first browser to fully support the PNG image format.[5] During this time Netscape was sold to AOL and this was seen as Netscapes official loss to Microsoft in the browser wars.[5]


Since the start of the 21st century the web has become more and more integrated into peoples lives. As this has


Today every small or big industry requires a media to catch the attention of the proposed consumers.

A web designing has very wide scope in IT industry. There are various skills required while designing a web site. Websites are the very common way to spread the information about ones industry, even small companies prefer websites for their advertisement.

Today every small or big industry requires a media to catch the attention of the proposed consumers.

















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About the Author: COURSE CONTENT:-1.GRAPHIC DESIGNING :-A)PHOTOSHOP CS5B)COREL DRAW CS5C)ILLUSTRATOR CS5D)FLASH CS52.WEB CODING:-A)HTML 5B)DHTMLC)DIV/CSSD)JAVA SCRIPTE)JQUERRY3.WEB DEVELOPMENT:-A) .NETB)JAVAC)PHPFor any further details please visit our website:GVT- Global Vision TechnologiesNM: 24/25, Old DLF, Sector – 14, Opposite ITI, Gurgaon.Ph: 0124-4077070, +91-9953222158, 9953222112Email :



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